The significance of the newly discovered species in the Amazon

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The significance of the newly discovered species in the Amazon

Vivek Varyani
August 31st, 2017

The wonderful forest has recently discovered hundreds of new species. Over two years researchers have dived into the depths of the forest to explore what it has to offer.


Between May 2000 and August 2005, Brazil lost more than 132,000 square kilometres of forest—an area larger than Greece—and since 1970, over 600,000 square kilometres (232,000 square miles) of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed. Due to deforestation, many animals lose their homes and become extinct before we even get to know that they existed. We take a look at the greatness of the rainforest and why is it so important that we conserve the Amazon.


New Species

Recently on a 2-years expedition to the Amazon, a total of 381 new species have been found in the Amazon. Ranging from plants fish and mammals alike. The findings showed a total of 216 new Plants, 93 Fish, 32 amphibians, 20 mammals, 19 reptiles and 1 bird. The fact that after so many years of existence on our planet, we still keep finding new species, is truly remarkable. The Amazon Forest Stretches a total of 5.5 million square kilometres and is roughly twice the size of India. Humans have barely touched the tip of the ice berg when it comes to discovering species on our own planet. Among the new species, was the fire tail monkey, river dolphin, yellow moustache lizard and the western puffbird.


Red tailed monkey, rare species



The Amazon is also known as the lungs of the earth. It is estimated that about 20 percent of the Earth’s oxygen is produced by the Amazon rainforests itself. The rate of deforestation is increasing and is a significant factor in global warming. Carbon dioxide needs to be reduced in the atmosphere to reduce the effects of global warming. Large terrains of forests in the Amazon have been contributing the to the conservation of our environment and the steadying of global carbon compositions. The Amazon is estimated to have 16,000 tree species and 390 billion individual trees.  Large forests such as the Amazon are the reason why the eco system is maintained and humans are surviving.



The massive forest accommodates 10% of all of the worlds known species. A figure that is rising with every discovery. The forests, the animals and the water bodies within the Rain forests provide for the worlds largest eco-system. Covering almost 40% of South America, the Amazon is responsible for much of the thriving wildlife and ecology we have.


Amzon forest canopy beautiful aerial view


Logic and facts can only go so far in helping us conserve our forests. The very reason that the Amazon rainforest homes the most species of living organisms on Earth is truly something we should conserve.


Amazon River

Amazon rainforests home much more than rainforests. The rainforests are home to a number of water bodies. Rivers, lakes, and thousands of streams enrich the biodiversity of this amazing forest. The Amazon river the longest in the world and stretches 6,992 km long. Feeding trees and animals alike with its water, the Amazon river also helps maintain a balance within the ecosystem.


Amazon beautiful river sunset


The river originates in Peru and flows out into the Atlantic Ocean. Originating from the Peruvian Andes, the river flows from east to west. The main river has another 1,100 tributaries that help drainage, and provide enough water for the entire basin.


Savannahs and underwater forests

The Amazon does not only home rainforests, underwater forests, and savannah are also part of the huge Amazon rainforests. Huge savannah provides homes to a diverse array of animals. Continuous deforestation may cause the entire Amazon rainforest to turn into a savannah. Causing tree animals to lose their homes and eventually die. The Amazon already has a good balance, between the animal and wildlife, however, the rapid cutting of trees for commercial purposes has caused a lot of the wildlife to lose their natural habitat.  Underwater forests also home many different and exclusive species of both plant and animal alike. New species are found every year, and this unusual terrain is in itself an amazing landscape.


Amazon lakes and terestial ecology


It is vital that we, as humans take care of our environment rather than exploit it for selfish gains. We must protect the Amazon and take care of. There might be many more plants and animals in the rainforests that we are still not aware of. Rather than spending millions on exploring life outside the earth, we must make it a point to conserve the beautiful planet that we have been gifted.


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