Salt is a small powerful element. Not only is sodium chloride (the traditional table salt) used for a range of different things, it is also a potent antimicrobial substance.
An antimicrobial agent is one that kills or inhibits the growth of bacteria. Hippocrates, who is widely considered the father of modern medicine, was one of the first to learn about the antimicrobial nature of salt.
Sodium chloride is better utilised as a microbial inhibitor, which implies that it prevents the growth of bacteria since it effectively sucks water out of them. In a process known as osmosis, water passes out of a bacterium to balance salt concentrations on each side of the cell membrane. In the absence of water, bacterial proteins such as enzymes cannot function and the bacteria doesn’t have a chance to grow. However, some bacteria can tolerate salt; they are halotolerant. Certain strains of Staphylococcus, responsible for infections, blood poisoning, and even death, are halotolerant. These pathogens have a salt alert system that uses sponge-like molecules to stop water loss.
Using salt for oral care benefits: Salt has long been used as a mouthwash to rinse out the bacteria existent in the mouth that contributes to gum disease, and tooth decay. You can also gargle with a strong combination of salt and water if you have a sore throat. If you are going to do this make sure to dissolve all the salt before you gargle with it. Pain and inflammation of the throat area will also be lessened.
Wound cleansing with salt: For thousands of years, sea salt has been used for wound cleansing. Do you know the expression, “throwing salt on a wound?” That is because that’s what people literally did to clean out infected cuts, and scrapes. It sounds painful, but it can aid in getting regions free of infection quicker.