Prior to the First World War, Britain’s air force consisted of the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and the Royal Navy Air Service (RNAS). At the time of the Great War breaking out, the RFC had eighty-four aircraft and the RNAS has seventy-one aircraft and seven airships.
Throughout the War, the Germans led in the skies with their advanced air strategies and technologies. The German’s sophistication meant that Britain was losing the fight in the sky. As well as this, Britain was suffering from repeated bombing raids, that were causing frustration at home. This need to change eventually led to British Military Planners pushing for a separate air ministry to carry out strategic bombing and tackle the Germans head-on.
Then, on the 1st of April 1918, after merging the RFC and RNAS, the RAF we know today was born.